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The Institute of Electron Technology (ITE) was established in 1966 by the Council of Ministers within the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. Its scientific activities focused mainly on basic and applied research in the area of semiconductor electronics and physics. In 1970, ITE was transformed into an industrial Institute supervised by the Ministry of Industry. ITE became part of the newly created Scientific and Production Centre of Semiconductors CEMI. The additional objectives at the time were to develop new semiconductor devices and technologies, transfer them into mass production at a semiconductor factory and supervise their production. ITE left the CEMI Centre in 1991, becoming once again an independent R&D organisation under the Ministry of Economy with main focus on conducting scientific research at a level recognised by the international community and developing advanced semiconductor technologies for innovative products. In 2000, a silicon processing pilot line began operating within a new ITE laboratory in Piaseczno near Warsaw. By decision of the Ministry of Economy, the Research and Development Centre for Hybrid Microelectronics and Resistors located in Kraków was incorporated into ITE in April 2002. In December 2011, by ordinance of the Council of Ministers, the Research and Development Centre PREDOM-OBR was incorporated into the Institute forming a new Warsaw branch.